Cooperative Learning and Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Experiences: [An Earlier Draft of the CyberPsychology and Behavior: Special Issue. (Volume 3, No 1, 2000)]
Lawrence W. Sherman, Ph. D., Department of Educational Psychology Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA
Abstract. Earlier interest in Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL) has lead to several technological innovations. This chapter will examine diverse pedagogical structures including Cooperative Learning (CL) and Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environments (CSILE). Cooperative learning is defined and described along with its uses in a technologically rich teaching environment. I have tried to show that the world of cooperative learning has strong roots in the cognitive field psychology of Kurt Lewin. Learning settings that would be described as cooperative structures are defined and differentiated from those that are competitive or individualistic. While other cognitive psychology theories are mentioned (Piaget and Vygotsky), the primary focus of this manuscript has been to describe issues regarding group processes, especially as they are being used in web-based delivery of collaborative learning experiences. These peer learning strategies are also linked to the world of work for which we are preparing our students. In addition some promising new research goals are described. The conclusions focus on using CSILE as an integral part of a technologically enriched cooperative classroom. A Postmodern and Constructivist theoretical orientation is also used to explain this form of authentic instruction.